Matter Labs co-founder proposes ‘Ethereum Supreme Court’ for on-chain disputes


Matter Labs co-founder and CEO Alex Gluchowski has proposed an Ethereum court system resembling a hierarchical courtroom system much like the actual world.

In a Sept. 2 put up on X (Twitter), Gluchowski floated the thought for an “Ethereum Supreme Court” — which might work equally to the United States Supreme Court — serving as a remaining cease for events to dispute sensible contract points slightly than needing to take issues to a standard lawyer or courtroom.

“The most important function of such a system will be to protect protocols against political inference from the outside. It will serve as a great deterrence mechanism, and will elevate the role of Ethereum as a powerful network state,” mentioned Gluchowski.

According to Gluchowski’s idea, disputes and emergency upgrades could be dealt with by a hierarchical system of on-chain courts. The remaining cease, nevertheless, could be an Ethereum layer-1 comfortable fork because the “Court of Final Appeal.”

Gluchowski mentioned that on this system, each protocol would have its personal governance with regular and emergency improve mechanisms, and would additionally designate a particular contract which might set off an enchantment.

When there’s an emergency improve to a protocol, there could be an enchantment interval, throughout which any consumer can submit a problem to the upper courtroom. However, they’ll should put up a pre-defined bail deposit.

Each courtroom specifies the upper courtroom to enchantment to, with the Ethereum Supreme Court serving as the ultimate vacation spot for challengers, Gluchowski mentioned.

An instance courtroom heirachy would see protocols like Aave and Uniswap would contest issues in a courtroom reminiscent of CourtUnchained or JusticeDAO. After these courts attain a call, a celebration can enchantment to the Ethereum Supreme Court.

However, there would must be a robust social consensus for the on-chain court system to work, Gluchowski acknowledged.

He added that it could be costly in order that solely “truly extraordinary” instances will probably be introduced earlier than it.

“[It will need to be] worthy of the attention of the entire Layer-0 (the social consensus) of Ethereum. Think of a bug in @Uniswap, a major L2, a Defi protocol with a systemic risk, etc.”

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Gluchowski famous there have been a number of present options to such disputes already however argued that they aren’t efficient. 

For instance, enabling time-locked options on sensible contracts isn’t appropriate in emergency conditions and introducing a safety council can mitigate the issue, however gained’t remedy it, whereas carrying its personal dangers.

“A security council could only freeze the contract temporarily, requiring a token governance approval for an emergency upgrade. But now a malicious majority of undercollaterized stakers could perform an evil take-over upgrade and steal all the assets,” he defined.

Gluchowski mentioned that he and the workforce at zkSync — an Ethereum layer 2 scaling answer created by Matter Labs — will fortunately fund analysis into the proposal.

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